The following is a compilation of American federal holidays, federal observances, state holidays and other common patriotic and national observances and commemorations that apply to the United States during Monday, 2017-10-09:
Columbus Day: [fed][ny][il][pa][fl-le][pa-le-op][il-le][ut] Columbus Day is a federal holiday celebrated on the second Monday in October. It is, however, not a public legal holiday in some states such as Washington, California, Oregon, Nevada and Hawaii. The day commemorates October 12, 1492, when Italian navigator Christopher Columbus landed in the New World. The holiday was first proclaimed in 1937 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The President is requested to issue each year a proclamation designating the second Monday in October as Columbus Day. According to the Presidential Proclamation,
When Christopher Columbus -- a son of Genoa, Italy -- set sail across the Atlantic, no one could imagine the profound and lasting impact he would have on the world. In search of a westward route to Asia, he instead spotted the Bahamas. As dawn broke on October 12, 1492, Columbus's crew set foot on a Caribbean island and changed the course of history. For much of Europe, this marked the discovery of the New World, and it set in motion the more than five centuries that have followed. [...] Columbus's historic voyage ushered in a new age, and since, the world has never been the same. His journey opened the door for generations of Italian immigrants who followed his path across an ocean in pursuit of the promise of America. Like Columbus, these immigrants and their descendants have shaped the place where they landed. Italian Americans have enriched our culture and strengthened our country. They have served with honor and distinction in our Armed Forces, and today, they embrace their rich heritage as leaders in our communities and pioneers of industry.
Indigenous Peoples' Day: [Seattle][Minneapolis] In the State of Washington, Columbus Day is not a legal state holiday. The Seattle Human Rights Commission passed Resolution 14-3 on June 5, 2014 to recognize the second Monday of October (the federally observed Columbus Day holiday) as Indigenous Peoples’ Day. Resolution 14-3 recognizes that, among other things,
On Monday October 6, 2014, the City Council of Seattle unanimously voted to recognize Resolution 14-3, thereby, declaring its support for the City of Seattle’s recognition of Indigenous Peoples’ Day on the second Monday in October.
- all people are born free and equal in dignity and rights;
- the United States supports the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples that recognizes that "indigenous peoples have suffered from historic injustices as a result of, inter alia, their colonization and dispossession of their lands, territories and resources";
- the indigenous peoples of the lands that would later become known as the Americas have occupied these lands since time immemorial;
- the celebration of Christopher Columbus celebrate an era of colonization and dispossession of indigenous peoples’ homelands;
- Seattle is built upon indigenous peoples’ homelands;
The Minneapolis City Council, recognizing that, among other things,
resolved on April 25, 2014, that Indigenous Peoples Day shall be celebrated on the second Monday in October.
- Indigenous nations have lived upon this land since time immemorial and values the progress our society has accomplished through American Indian technology, thought, and culture;
- the City of Minneapolis has a strong history of over four decades of American Indian activism;
- the City of Minneapolis shall continue its efforts to promote the well-being and growth of the Minneapolis American Indian and Indigenous community;
Leif Erikson Day: [fed-ob][pro] Viking explorer Leif Erikson was regarded as one of the first Europeans who came to North America. The President may issue each year a proclamation designating October 9 as Leif Erikson Day.
National School Lunch Week - Day 2: [pro] This year National School Lunch Week starts on Sunday, October 08 2017 and ends on Saturday, October 14 2017. In 1946 (71 years ago) President Harry Truman signed the National School Lunch Act, which provided meals for over 7 million children in its first year. By joint resolution approved October 9, 1962, the Congress designated the week beginning on the second Sunday of October in each year as "National School Lunch Week"and authorized and requested the President to issue a proclamation in observance of this week. According to a recent presidential proclamation,
More than 30 million children depend on the National School Lunch Program for daily nutrition, and more than 13 million children are able to start their school day with a full stomach because of the School Breakfast Program. For many young people, these programs are the only regular source of food. That is why it is more important than ever to strengthen them and make sure they are supporting healthy lifestyles in classrooms across America. During National School Lunch Week, we encourage schools to expand access to nutritious food options, and we salute all those who work in our Nation's school cafeterias and food preparation centers.
Fire Prevention Week - Day 2: [pro] During Fire Prevention Week, we pay tribute to the brave men and women who put their lives on the line to pull their neighbors out of harm's way, and pledge to do our part to prevent fires in our homes, our cities, and the great outdoors. According to the Presidential Proclamation,
By preventing fires, we can both protect our loved ones and keep America's firefighters out of unnecessary danger. To save people they have never met, these skilled professionals battle walls of flame, put themselves in the paths of unpredictable wildfires, and rush into houses on the verge of collapse. This week, as we renew our commitment to fire safety, we thank these courageous first responders for their service and honor those who have made the ultimate sacrifice in the line of duty.
Native American Day: [sd] In 1989, the South Dakota legislature unanimously passed legislation proposed by Governor George S. Mickelson to proclaim 1990 as the "Year of Reconciliation"between Native Americans and whites, to change Columbus Day to Native American Day and to make Martin Luther King's birthday into a state holiday. Since 1990, the second Monday in October has been celebrated as Native American Day in South Dakota.
Discoverers' Day: [hi-ob] According to Hawaiian legislation, "the second Monday in October shall be known as Discoverers' Day, in recognition of the Polynesian discoverers of the Hawaiian Islands, provided that this day is not and shall not be construed to be a state holiday."[L 1988, c 220, §4]
[fed] This is a federal holiday. Most Federal employees work schedule is Monday through Friday. For these Federal employees, when a holiday falls on a nonworkday, that is to say, Saturday or Sunday, then, the holiday usually is observed on Monday (in case the holiday falls on Sunday) or Friday (in case the holiday falls on Saturday).
[ny] This is a State Holiday in the State of New York.
[il] This is a State Holiday in the State of Illinois.
[pa] This is a State Holiday in the State of Pennsylvania.
[fl-le] This is a Legal Holiday in the State of Florida. If a holiday falls on Saturday, the preceding Friday shall be observed as a holiday and if a holidays falls on Sunday, the following Monday shall be observed as a holiday.
[pa-le-op] This is an optional Legal Holiday in the State of Pennsylvania.
[il-le] This is a Legal Holiday in the State of Illinois, upon which day a bank may, but is not required to, remain closed.
[ut] This is a State Holiday in the State of Utah. According to Title 63G, Section 301, Legal holidays: if any of the holidays fall on Sunday, then the following Monday shall be the holiday. Moreover, if any of the holidays fall on Saturday, the preceding Friday shall be the holiday.
[Seattle] This is a holiday in the city of Seattle.
[Minneapolis] This is a holiday in the city of Minneapolis.
[fed-ob] United States federal observances are days, weeks, months, or other periods designated by the United States Congress for the commemoration or other observance of various events, activities, or topics. These observances differ from Federal holidays in that Federal employees only receive a day free from work on holidays, not observances. Federal observances that are designated by Congress appear in Title 36 of the United States Code (36 U.S.C. § 101 et seq.).
[pro] This is a special day designated by presidential proclamation.
[sd] This is a State Holiday in the State of South Dakota.
[hi-ob] This is a special day of observance in the State of Hawaii.